| Voyaging Canoe
Project | Makahiki
PICA and the Avilla `ohana purchased two old koa canoes in an estate
sale on the Big Island. They were fumigated, and arrived in San Francisco
via freighter from Hawai`i in December 1997. These are considered antiques,
and their history is somewhat sketchy -- but there are enough clues to provide
some valuable information:
Canoe #1 is 22' 6" long and made of yellow koa harvested from either
the McCandless or Greenwell Ranch. It was built in the early 1930's at Honaunau,
possibly by a team of builders from that area. The design indicates it was
built primarily for surfing, due to its large okole and "V" shape
cross section. The canoe was purchased by George Austin in 1948 and moved
to O`ahu where it was used and surfed at the Outrigger Canoe Club in Waikiki.
Canoe #2 is 16' long and made of koa harvested from the Hamakua Coast,
possibly from koa stands in upper Kaiwiki Valley. It was built in 1951-52
in Honoli`i by Ken Griffin. It's design indicates that it was probably used
for fishing and recreation, and it was built specifically for Hilo Bay waters.
|Bow and stern covers (manu ihu & manu hope), before and after restoration|
Both canoes were eventually purchased by Big Island entrepeneur Roy Oness,
who intended to restore them. He was a student of master canoe builder James
Pau`aka Ka`o`ilihala Jr. of Hilo. However, due to poor health, Roy reluctantly had to
offer the canoes for sale.
Knowing that these canoes were coming, and knowing full well that much
labor would be required to make them seaworthy, Julian Avilla and PICA canoe
builder John Scotland spent 10 days in October 1997 as students at Hawai`i
Community College's Hana Pukahi canoe restoration class. The class was taught
by Bobby Pukea, coach of Lanikai Outrigger Canoe Club on O`ahu, and John
Kekua, coach and founder of Kamehameha Outrigger Canoe Club in Hilo. Bobby's
father used to go into the Kulani area with Edith Kanaka`ole to find trees
in the 1970's.
Some small hull repairs and restoring of the gunnels
Julian and John quickly learned what they had already suspected -- repairing
is difficult and much more delicate than building and shaping!
It takes 100 years for koa trees to grow to 40 feet or more. Reforestation
allows increased growth without effecting grain, strength, color, etc. The
Campbell & Burns logging operation, along with Akana Petroleum, left
the land raped. John Kekua came back through the Umikoa area with bulldozers,
turned the soil, and koa seedlings sprang forth. The canoe masters believed
that each log has a feeling, or spirit (mana). And each log, even as it
is cut, is not dead. As one works on a canoe, the life of the log comes
into the canoe as the spirit of the builder goes into the canoe. Each canoe
speaks of something different as it goes through the stages of creation.
Some people name a canoe as the log is felled. Some people name a canoe
before it is finished, some wait until it is completed. Keep in mind that
as the process evolves, so does the feeling that ultimately effects the
Some not so small hull repairs
Julian Avilla was so moved by his experience with these canoes, he has
submitted the following:
- Our two koa canoes are now resting and acclimating to their next life
here in the San Francisco Bay area. It is important that the right time
be established as to how and when the restoration project shall proceed.
The beginning of the new year -- makahiki -- should be considered. There
is a lot of mana in these two ancient wooden vessels, and PICA is now empowered
with giving life back to them. There have been signs of spirit within the
canoes' storage area, and respect for and permission from those
present is important. They are present to oversee the project, and with
their guidance we can succeed with the restoration.
EDITOR'S NOTE: When Macy's in San Francisco asked PICA for assistance
in organizing and selecting performers and exhibits for their 52nd Annual
Flower Show, "The Spirit of Hawai`i", they asked PICA to display
one of the koa canoes. Julian and John worked long hours to attempt to accomplish
their goal of displaying a fully restored canoe.
The result shows the manus loosely attached; the outer hull near completion;
two iako and an ama finished from hau wood. 300 hours of labor have thus
far been applied to the Avilla `ohana canoe. The inside spreaders (wae)
and seats must still be completed and permanently attached. PICA's own koa
canoe will begin restoration as soon as donations and grant funding are
made available. Anyone interested in this project may contact Julian Avilla at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The finished result was hung from the ceiling of the Macys
Men's Store in San Francisco, April 1998.
| Voyaging Canoe
Project | Makahiki
Copyright ©1995 - 2013 Pacific
Islanders' Cultural Association
A California Domestic Non-Profit Corporation and Federal 501(c)(3) Corporation.
All Rights Reserved.